First Russian Company of Aeronautics

From Inventing aviation
Jump to: navigation, search

Lawyer S. S. Shchetinin, intent on establishing the first aircraft factory in Russia, obtained loan from the Military Department in early 1910 and formed company together with M. A. Shcherbatov (aka Shcherbakov). Michkail Mikhailovich Shishmaryev (Shishmarve) was an early designer at the factory. They were joined in early 1913 by Dimitry Pavlovich Grigorovich who designed a successful line of flying boats.

First Russian Company of Aeronautics, also translated as First Russian Aviation Works. Initial customers were aero clubs and private citizens and did not include the military until 1912 for which it produced Nieuport IV monoplanes and Farman-type biplanes. Best known for production of flying boats for naval aviation designed by Grigorovich; his initial designs were pusher biplane flying-boats based on a Donnet-Leveque. Some 20 types of Grigorovich M flying boats (M = Morskoi = naval) were built by October 1917); the most well-known was the M9, 212 of which were delivered from April 1916 through the middle of 1917. Meanwhile, Shishmaryev was responsible for the GASN, a seaplane for special duties, and a large twin-engined biplane of 1917.

According to Gunston's listing under Shcyetinin and Shchyerbakov, total output for company by October 1917 was about 2,000, including about 580 of M9 type. In April 1917, Grigorovich left PRTV to start his own factory at St. Petersburg, apparently to build experimental seaplanes for the Naval Department. After the PRTV factory was nationalized, June 1918, the buildings at Komendantskiy Airfield were merged into State Aviation Factory No. 3. [Need to return to RA and determine when buildings were at Komendantskiy Airfield as that location is missing under Place.] [Shishmaryev is listed in G and 2dG, need to return to RA to see if he is listed there.]

Locations: St. Petersburg, Russia: began in workshop on Korpousnaya Street; then added factory built on land purchased at Korpousnoy Airfield; later built seaplane test station at Krestovskiy Island. Also built naval test station at Kroughlaya Bay, Sevastopol, where a company branch was planned, and in 1916 started a building a new factory in Yaroslavl, both of which were totally looted during the uprisings of 1917. Also, in the events of 1917, the buildings on Korpousnaya Street were set afire and destroyed.

Names: Pervoye Rossiyskoye Tovarishchestvo Vozdoukhoplavaniya; PRTV ( First Russian Company of Aeronautics); Factory of Shchetinin and Shcherbatov and in 1915, Gamayun for a mythical human-bird in Slavonic legend.

Sources

Names Pervoye Rossiyskoye Tovarishchestvo Vozdoukhoplavaniya, PRTV, First Russian Company of Aeronautics, Factory of Shchetinin and Shcherbatov, Gamayun
Country Russia
City St. Petersburg, Russia
Affiliations
Keywords
Started aero 1910
Ended aero 1917
Key people S. S. Shchetinin, M. A. Shcherbatov, Shcherbakov, Michkail Mikhailovich Shishmaryev, Shishmarve, Dimitry Pavlovich Grigorovich