Gustave Whitehead (1874–1927), inventor in Germany under then name Gustav Weißkopf, moved to Connecticut. Developed a large number of experimental airplanes and reported flights in Whitehead No. 21 and Whitehead No. 22.
From the accredited reports it appears that Mr. Whitehead accomplished: (1) the first high flight, (2) the first long flight, (3) first closed-circuit flight, (4) first flight over and landing on water, (5) first with passenger, (6) first with internal combustion engine. And all at a time when no other plane on earth was making any sustained hops at all.
The controversy over Whitehead's priority rages to this day.
- w:Gustave Whitehead; w:de:Gustav Weißkopf
- Gustave Whitehead - Pioneer Aviator - extensive site created by Whiehead researcher John Brown
- Zahm, 1944, pp. 350–352.
- Carroll F. Gray; "Paul Jackson's Editorial Endorsement of Gustave Whitehead & Rebuttal"; Jane’s Points Finger at Editor, Huffington Post, 23 April 2015.
- Patent US-1908-881837 (English title: Aeroplane)
- Patent FR-1908-387886 (English title: Airplane, Supplementary to patent: Patent US-1908-881837)
- Patent AT-1909-41555 (English title: Airplane, Supplementary to patent: Patent US-1908-881837)
- Patent GB-1908-5312 (English title: Improvements in aeroplanes, Supplementary to patent: Patent US-1908-881837)
- Hoernes, 1903, Die Luftschiffahrt der Gegenwart (Simple title: The airship of the present)