Henry Coxwell

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Henry Tracey Coxwell (2 March 1819 – 5 (or 6?) January 1900), going by the pseudonym Henry Wells, was an aeronaut and publisher of Balloon, or Aerostatic Magazine, as well as a dentist.

Coxwell witnessed various balloon ascents as a youth and made his first balloon voyage on 19 August 1844. In August 1845 he published the first issue of Balloon, or Aerostatic Magazine, the first English aeronautics periodical. He thereafter made various ascents in the Sylph including a series of exhibitions in Germany.[1][2]

According to L'Aérophile Coxwell intended to become a dentist but gave it up after successful balloon trips in Germany, Russia, and England. His balloon was the Mars.[3]

Coxwell supplied Germany with two balloons in the Franco-Prussian War.[1][4]

He made notable ascents with James Glaisher, including one reaching a record altitude on 5 September 1862.[3]

In 1887 he published My Life and Balloon Experiences: with a supplementary chapter on Military Ballooning (London: W. H. Allen & Co.).

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas Seccombe, "Coxwell, Henry (Tracey) (1819–1900)", Dictionary of National Biography Supplement Volume 2; London: Smith, Elder & Co, 1901; pp. 76–77.
  2. Hodgson, 1924, History of Aeronautics in Great Britain, pp.264–273.
  3. 3.0 3.1 G. Blanchet, "Nécrologie: Henry Coxwell"; L'Aérophile 8(1), January 1900, pp. 5–6.
  4. Hildebrandt, 1908, Airships Past and Present, p. 141. "The English balloonist Coxwell was entrusted by the Germans with the formation of two balloon detachments with all the necessary tackle. Colonel Josten and a lieutenant commanded the two companies, each consisting of 20 men, and Coxwell supplied two balloons, having capacities of 40,000 and 23,500 cubic feet respectively. They were put to work in the neighbourhood of Cologne, and did well, except in rough weather, when it was evident that 40 men were insufficient to hold them. It was therefore determined to form the men into one company, and to send them to the front at Strassburg with the smaller balloon."
Names Henry Coxwell; Henry Tracey Coxwell; Henry Wells
Birth date 1819-03-02
Death date 1900-01-05
Countries GB
Locations London
Occupations balloonist
Tech areas LTA, balloon